Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://www.jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/jabb.23019
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Maternal instinct of imported meat direction cattle and ethology of their calves

N. Z. Kazhgaliyev, Z. Titanov, B. Ateikhan, T. S. Sharapatov, M. B. Gabbassov, T. K. Seiteuov, N. B. Burambayeva, A. A. Temirzhanova

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Abstract

The examination of maternal qualities in the ethology of cows and their young offspring, derived from the study on adaptability and productivity of second and third-generation Aberdeen Angus cattle imported to Kazakhstan from Canadian and European selection, is presented in this paper. The findings indicate that Canadian heifers, belonging to the second generation, displayed extended feeding behavior throughout the day, dedicating 33.2 minutes or 2.2% more time to feeding compared to their European counterparts (P < 0.001). Similar disparities between groups were observed in the duration of the ruminant process. Moreover, Canadian heifers consumed water for an additional 2 minutes or 0.6%, which can be attributed to their higher daily feed intake. The calving process of Aberdeen Angus cows generally proceeded smoothly, demonstrating a well-developed maternal instinct towards their offspring. Notably, calves born from Canadian cows exhibited greater agility and achieved the ability to stand on their feet in a shorter time, with an average duration of 41.0 ± 1.60 minutes, which was 11.7% faster than European calves. Additionally, Canadian calves displayed a shorter time to locate their mother's breast, with an average duration of 68.0 ± 7.70 minutes.

Keywords

Aberdeen-Angus breed, ethology of calves, heifer behaviour, maternal instinct of cows

References

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Submitted date:
04/11/2023

Accepted date:
06/10/2023

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