Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Dependence between behavioural acts and sperm parameters of boars of modern and local breeds of Ukraine

Anna Lykhach, Vadym Lykhach, Yevhen Barkar, Mykola Shpetny, Olena Kucher

Downloads: 1
Views: 505


This study aimed to investigate the dependence of behavioural acts and sperm parameters of boars of modern and local breeds of Ukraine. In total, 30 heads by visual observations were studied of behavioural acts (rest, movement, feed and water intake during 24 hours) at the boars aged 12 and 24 months with five heads each of the following breeds: Large White, Landrace, Ukrainian Meat, Pietrain, intrabreed type of Duroc breed of Ukrainian selection "Steppovyi" and the terminal line "Maxter". Semen sampling from boars was carried out manually on a phantom followed by assessed for quantitative and qualitative indicators of sperm and fertilizing capacity according to the "Instructions for artificial insemination of pigs" at parameters: ejaculate volumes, sperm concentration in the ejaculates, percentage of correctly motile spermatozoa, survival of spermatozoa and fertilizing ability of boars. It was established that certain behavioural acts significantly influence the qualitative and quantitative indicators of sperm parameters of boars of different breeds. Time spent (at the age of 12 months) on rest and movement, as well as the index of movement activity significantly (in all cases: P < 0.05), influenced the ejaculates volume, sperm concentration and the percentage of correctly motile spermatozoa; moreover, the effect on the ejaculates volume of these of behaviour acts had a curvilinear character. On the contrary, the survival of spermatozoa and fertilizing ability of boars was determined mainly by their time spent on feed and water intake (at the age of 24 months). In this case, the detected dependence is asymptotic.


age, artificial insemination, behavioural patterns, boar, breed, ejaculate traits


Banaszewska D, Kondracki S (2012) An assessment of the breeding maturity of insemination boars based on ejaculate quality changes. Folia Biol (Krakow) 60:151-62. doi:

Frydrychová S, Opletal L, Macáková K, Lustyková A, Rozkot M, Lipenský J (2011) Effects of herbal preparation on libido and semen quality in boars. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 46:573-578. doi:

Jagtap S, Trollman H, Trollman F, Garcia-Garcia G, Parra-López C, Duong L, Martindale W, Munekata PES, Lorenzo JM, Hdaifeh A, Hassoun A, Salonitis K, Afy-Shararah M (2022) The Russia-Ukraine Conflict: Its Implications for the Global Food Supply Chains. Foods 11(14):2098. doi:

Kawęcka M, Pietruszka A, Jacyno E, Czarnecki R, Kamyczek M (2008) Quality of semen of young boars of the breeds Pietrain and Duroc and their reciprocal crosses. Archives Animal Breeding 51:42-54. doi:  

Knecht D, Jankowska-Mąkosa A, Duziński K (2017) Boar genotype as a factor shaping age-related changes in semen parameters and reproduction longevity simulations. Theriogenology 98:50-56. doi:

Kondracki S, Iwanina M, Wysokińska A, Górski K (2013) The use of sexual activity measurements to assess ejaculatory performance of boars. Archives Animal Breeding 56:1052–1059. doi:

Kondracki S, Iwanina M, Wysokińska A, Banaszewska D, Kordan W, Fraser L, Rymuza K, Górski K (2021) The Usefulness of Sexual Behaviour Assessment at the Beginning of Service to Predict the Suitability of Boars for Artificial Insemination. Animals 11(12):3341. doi:

Kramarenko SS, Lugovoy SI, Kharzinova VR, Lykhach VY, Kramarenko AS, Lykhach AV (2018) Genetic diversity of Ukrainian local pig breeds based on microsatellite markers. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems 9(2):177-182.  doi:

Kunowska-Slósarz M, Makowska A (2011) Effect of breed and season on the boar’s semen characteristics. Annals of Warsaw University of life sciences - SGGW, Animal Science 49: 77-86.

Lugovoy SI, Kharzinova VR, Kramarenko SS, Lykhach AV, Kramarenko AS, Lykhach VYa (2018) Genetic Polymorphism of Microsatellite Loci and Their Association with Reproductive Traits in Ukrainian Meat Breed Pigs. Cytology and Genetics. 52(5):360-367. doi: 

Mamonova N (2022) Food sovereignty and solidarity initiatives in rural Ukraine during the war. The Journal of Peasant Studies. doi:

Management of innovative technologies creation of bio-products: monograph / V. Lykhach, A. Lykhach, M. Duczmal, M. Janicki, M. Ogienko, A. Obozna, O. Kucher, R. Faustov. Opole-Kyiv, 2020. 222 p. 85 tab. Fig. 14 (ISBN 978-83-66567-16-0), Polska.

Miclea V, Gyorgy I, Miclea I, Záhan M, Nagy A, Potra A. (2016) Ejaculate quality is influenced by boar behaviour at the time of collection. Bulletin of the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca Animal Science and Biotechnologies 73:240-242. doi:

Nacu G, Pascal C, Hoha G, Ivancia M (2011). The dynamic of main indices of spermiogram at boars, in function on some factors of influence. Animal Science and Biotechnologies 44(1):310-315.

Oberlender G, Murgas LDS, Zangeronimo MG, Silva AC, Pereira LJ (2012) Influence of ejaculation time on sperm quality parameters in high performance boars. Journal of Animal Science Advances 2(5):499-509.

Okere Ch, Joseph A, Ezekwe M (2005). Seasonal and genotype variations in libido, semen production and quality in artificial insemination boars. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 4:885-888.

Poliana CSL Resende, Amanda P Siqueira, Luís C Rodrigues, Monique A Lagares, Hélio Chiarini-Garcia, Fernanda RCL Almeida (2019) Relationship between pre-pubertal biometrical measures and sperm parameters for the selection of high genetic merit pure and crossbred boars. Theriogenology,127:1-6. doi:

Savić R, Petrović M (2015) Variability in ejaculation rate and libido of boars during reproductive exploitation. South African Journal of Animal Science 45(4):355-361. doi: 10.4314/sajas.v45i4.1

Signoret JP, Baldwin BA, Fraser D, Hafez ESE (1975). The behaviour of swine. Behaviour of Domestic Animals, Baillière Tindall, London: pp. 295-329.

Smital J, De Sousa LL, Mohsen A (2004) Differences among breeds and manifestation of heterosis in AI boar sperm output. Animal Reproduction Science 80(1-2):121-130. doi:

Smital J (2010) Comparison of environmental variations in boar semen characteristics of six breeds and their crossbreds over an eight-year period. Research in pig breeding 4(1): 26-32.

Stančić B, Gagrčin M, Radović I (2003) Uticaj godišnje sezone, rase i starosti nerastova na kvalitet sperme (1. Nativna sperma). Biotechnology in animal husbandry 19(1-2):17-23.

Szostak B, Sarzyńska J (2011) The influence of the breed and age on the libido of insemination boars. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Zootechnica 10(3):103-110. doi:

Voitenko SL, Porkhun MG, Sydorenko OV, Ilnytska TY (2019) Genetic resources of agricultural animals of Ukraine at the beginning of the third millennium. Animal Breeding and Genetics 58:110-119. doi:

Wolf J, Smital J (2009) Effects in genetic evaluation for semen traits in Czech Large White and Czech Landrace boars. Czech Journal of Animal Science 54(8):349-358. doi:

Wolf J, Smital J (2009) Quantification of factors affecting semen traits in artificial insemination boars from animal model analyses. Journal of Animal Science 87(5):1620-1627. doi:  

Wysokińska A, Kondracki S (2014) Assessment of sexual activity levels and their association with ejaculate parameters in two-breed hybrids and purebred Duroc and Pietrain boars. Annals of Animal Science 14(3):559-571. doi:

Zapryanova I, Malinova R (2019) Age dynamics of some parameters of semen production of Landrace boars of Danish and English origin. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 25:54-57.

Submitted date:

Reviewed date:

Accepted date:

63fdf585a9539527e72923a3 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol.

Share this page
Page Sections