Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://www.jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/jabb.21031
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Assessment of spatial variability of environmental conditions in different swine production typologies in tropical conditions

Jairo Alexander Osorio Saraz, Natalia Castrillon Mejia, Veronica Gonzalez Cadavida, Yesica Paola Quintero Soto, Ana Paola Montoya Rios, Eugenia González Castrillon

Downloads: 0
Views: 291

Abstract

Comfort index and environmental variables are indicators of thermal stress conditions inside a livestock facility. The environmental conditions of ten different constructive typologies of swine-production facilities with natural ventilation were characterized in a tropical country (Antioquia, Colombia). Temperature and humidity index (THI), enthalpy (H), animal surface temperature (ST), light intensity, and noise level were measured and computed for each typology, which were located at heights above sea levels between 8:00-23:00. Data were analyzed as a function of each typology, geographical altitude, and time of the day. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and contour maps were employed to analyze the data. It was found that more than 80% of the typologies studied presented moderate or critical thermal stress conditions associated with the construction typology, especially in warm and mild-mild climates.

Keywords

animal welfare, comfort index, pig production, thermal stress

References

Amaral PIS, Campos AT, Yanagi Junior T, CecchinD, Leite EM, Dias e Silva NC (2020) Using sounds produced by pigs to identify thermoneutrality zones for thermal environment assessment ratios. Engenharia Agrícola. doi:10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v40n3p266-271/2020

Barbari M, Conti L (2009) Use of different cooling systems by pregnant sows in experimental pen.  Biosystems engineering 103:239-244.

Barbosa Filho JAD, Vieira FMC, Silva IJO, Garcia DB, Silva MAN, Fonseca BHF (2009) Transporte de frangos: caracterização do microclima na carga durante o inverno. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 38:2442-2446.

Barreto N, Zangeronimo M, Fialho E (2010) Physiological adaptations of pigs under thermal stress. Nutritime Electronic Journal 7:1197-1211.

Wegner B, Spiekermeier I, Nienhoff H, Große-Kleimann J, Rohn K, Meyer H, Plate H, Gerhardy H, Kreienbrock L, Beilage E, Kemper N, Fels M (2019) Status quo analysis of noise levels in pig fattening units in Germany. Livestock Science doi: 10.1016/j.livsci.2019.103847

Buffington DE, Collazo-Arocho A, Canton GH, Pitt D, Thatcher WW, Collier RJ (1981) Black globe-humidity index (BGHI) as a comfort Eq. for dairy cows. Trans. ASAE 24:711–714.

Bureau of Meteorology (2005) Commonwealth of Australia (ABN 92 637 533 532). http://www.bom.gov.au/info/thermal_stress/#wbgt. Accessed on: June 26, 2020.

Carvalho CCS, Santos TC, Silva GC, Santos LV, Moreira SJM, Botelho LFR (2014) Animal and human thermal comfort in poultry houses. Brazilian semiarid. Braz. J. Agric. Environ. Eng. 18:769–773.

Carvalho Cinara da CS, Santos TC, Silva GC, Santos LV, Moreira SJM, Botelho LFR (2014) Animal and human thermal comfort in poultry houses in Brazilian semiarid. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering 18:769-773.

Castrillón N, González V, Osorio JA, Montoya AP, Correa G (2020) Assessment of the methane emission for different typologies of fattening swine facilities in the department of Antioquia Colombia. Agronomy Research. doi: 10.15159/AR.20.108

Cecchin D, Campos A, Amaral P, Sousa F, Ferraz P, Hüther C, Campos A (2019) Behavior of swine hosted in facilities with different construction typologies. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 7:6-10.

Cecchin D, Campos AT, Cruz VF, Amaral PI, Freitas LCSR, Andrade RR (2017) Thermal environment in growing and finishing pig facilities of different building typologies. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 5:118-123.

Cecchin D, Ferraz PFP,  Campos AT, Sousa FA, Amaral PIS, Castro JO, Conti L, da Cruz VMF (2019) Thermal comfort of pigs housed in different installations. Agronomy Research. doi: 10.15159/AR.19.117

Damasceno FA, Oliveira CEA, Ferraz GAS, Nascimento JAC, Osorio JA, Brandão LF (2019) Welfare and spatial distribution of noise levels in swine nursery. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental. doi:10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v23n3p196-202

De Oliveira JAJ, de Souza SRL, da Cruz VF, Vicentin TA, Glavina ASG (2018) Development of an android APP to calculate thermal comfort indexes on animals and people. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 151:175-184.

Dos Santos TC, Carvalho CDC, da Silva GC, Diniz TA, Soares TE, Moreira SDJM, Cecon PR (2018) Influence of the thermal environment on swine zootechnical behavior and performance. Journal of Agroveterinary Sciences 17:241-253.

Ferraz PFP, Gonzalez VC, Ferraz GAS, Damasceno FA, Osorio JA, Conti L (2020) Assessment of spatial variability of environmental variables of a typical house of laying hens in Colombia: Antioquia state Case. Agronomy Research. doi: 10.15159/AR.20.099

ICA (2019) National Livestock Census – 2018. https://www.ica.gov.co/areas/pecuaria/servicios/epidemiologia-veterinaria/censos-2016/censo-2018. Accessed on: January 12, 2021.

Kiefer C, de Moura M, da Silva E, dos Santos A, Silva C, da Luz M, Nantes C (2010) Responses of finishing pigs kept in different thermal environments. Brazilian Journal of Health and Animal Production 11:496-504.

Kiefer C, Meignen BCG, Sanches JF, Carrijo AS (2009) Response of growing swine maintained in different thermal environments. Anim Arch 51:55–64.

Machado S, Nääs I, Reis J, Caldara F, Santos R (2016) Sows and piglets thermal comfort: a comparative study of the tiles used in the farrowing housing. Engenharia Agrícola 36:996-1004.

Moura DJ (1999) Ventilação na suinocultura. In: SILVA I.J.O. Ambiência e qualidade na produção industrial de suínos. Piracicaba: FEALQ, pp149-179.

Poveda G (2004) The hydroclimatology of Colombia: A synthesis from the interannual scale to the diurnal scale. Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences Journal 29: 01-222.

Ramos-Freitas LCDS, Torres-Campos A, Schiassi L, Yanagi-Junior T, Cecchin D (2017) Fuzzy index for swine thermal comfort at nursery stage based on behavior. Dyna 84:201-207.

Requejo JM, Garrido-Izard M, Correa EC, Villarroel M, Diezma B. (2018) Pig ear skin temperature and feed efficiency: Using the phase space to estimate thermoregulatory effort. Biosystems Engineering 174:80–88.

Roller WL, Goldmn RF (1969) Response of swine to acute heat exposure. Trans. ASAE 12:164–169.

Sarubbi J, Rossi L, Moura D, Oliveira R, Maia A (2012) Nocturnal thermal comfort in facilities for growing fattening swines. Engenharia Agrícola 32:1034-1040.

Schiassi L, Tadayuki Y, Damasceno FA, Osorio JA, Machado NS (2012). Fuzzy Modeling Applied to The Welfare of Poultry Farms Workers. Dyna 79:127-135.

Thom EC (1958) Cooling Degree: Day Air Conditioning. Heating, And Ventilating. Transaction of the American Society of Heating 55:65–72.

Toniolli R, Guimarães D, Araújo L, Cantanhêde L, Barros T, Dias A (2014) Influence of thermal stress on the reproduction and production of male pigs. Animal Science 24:28-40.

Vieira R, Oliveira K, de Paula S, Martins J (2010) Comfort index in the evaluation of animal welfare of swine breeders in different rearing systems. Nucleus Animalium 2:1-8.

Vélez E, García G, Barrios D (2018) Exploratory study on the production and commercialization of pork in the Aburrá Valley, Antioquia (Colombia). Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics 65:220-234.

Zanetoni T, Barbari M, Conti L, Rossi G, Baêta FC, Vilela MO, Teles CGS, Andrade RR (2019) Alternative form to obtain the black globe temperature from environmental variables H.H.R. Agronomy Research. doi: 10.15159/AR.19.109

Zonderland J,  Cornelissen AHM,  Fillerup M,  Spoolder HAM (2008) Sual acuity of pigs at different light intensities. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2007.05.010


Submitted date:
03/23/2021

Reviewed date:
04/21/2021

Accepted date:
04/22/2021

60783bcaa953953ff7704e12 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections