Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://www.jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/jabb.21015
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Review Article Open Access

Quality of death in the river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

Daniel Mota-Rojas, Marcelo Daniel Ghezzi, Fabio Napolitano, Marcelo Rosmini, Isabel Guerrero-Legarreta, Julio Martínez-Burnes, Karina Lezama-García, Agatha Miranda-Cortés, Leonardo Thielo de la Vega, Patricia Mora-Medina, Ismael Hernández-Ávalos

Downloads: 2
Views: 168

Abstract

Results on appropriate, inappropriate, and painful slaughtering methods of river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) are discussed. Undesirable consequences of poor desensitization and/or slaughtering procedures, causing pain and suffering to animals, are also approached.  These considerations are relevant as unsuitable methods can reduce consumer acceptance and commercial value of the meat obtained from animals undergoing deficient slaughtering procedures due to a lack of concern regarding their welfare. Relevant databases –Scopus, Science Direct and PubMed– were searched for this review, including keywords such as pain, slaughter, stunning, Bubalus bubalis, and animal welfare. A detailed description of river buffalo's encephalic anatomy was compared to cattle concerning correct stunning and slaughter methods. The neurobiological processes of pain felt by animals when inadequately desensitized was also examined. Finally, recent findings on stunning methods for buffaloes were discussed, including encephalography. It was concluded that different animal species may require different stunning methods; at the same time, the optimal anatomical site also varies between species. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance to train the personnel performing these procedures (transport, stunning, slaughtering) to avoid mishandling that jeopardizes animal welfare by generating stimuli that trigger neurophysiological responses and, in turn, translate into pain during slaughter and reduced meat quality.

Keywords

abattoir, buffalo welfare, humane slaughter, nociception, pain, stunning

References

Alsafy MAM, El-Gendy SAA, El Sharaby AA (2013) Anatomic Reference for Computed Tomography of Paranasal Sinuses and Their Communication in the Egyptian Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia 42:220–231.

Anil MH, McKinstry JL (1992) The effectiveness of high frequency electrical stunning in pigs. Meat Science 31:481–491.

Anil M., Love S, Helps C., Harbour D. (2002) Potential for carcass contamination with brain tissue following stunning and slaughter in cattle and sheep. Food Control 13:431–436.

Anil MH, Austin A (2003) Bovine spongiform encephalopathy: a review of some factors that influence meat safety. FAO.

Anil M (2012) Effects of slaughter method on carcass and meat characteristics in the meat of cattle and sheep. 1–73.

Bosmans T, Doom M, Gasthuys F, Simoens P, Van Ham L, Polis L (2009) Perioperative pain: Physiology and pathophysiology. Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 78:302–313.

Bourne S, Machado AG, Nagel SJ (2014) Basic Anatomy and Physiology of Pain Pathways. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 25:629–638.

Cooley K (2015) Physiology of pain. In: Goldberg M Pain management for veterinary technicians and nurses. Wiley Blackwell, USA, pp. 30–41.

Covarrubias G (2013) El manejo del dolor agudo postoperatorio: una década de experiencias. Revista Mexicana de Anestesiología 36:179–182.

De Rycke LM, Saunders JH, Gielen IM, van Bree HJ, Simoens PJ (2003) Magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and cross-sectional views of the anatomy of normal nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses in mesaticephalic dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 64:1093–1098.

De Oliveira JO de, Portella Junior CSA, Cohen CP (2016) Inflammatory mediators of neuropathic pain. Revista Dor 17:.

Dinakar P, Stillman AM (2016) Pathogenesis of Pain. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology 23:201–208.

Dong-Ho Y, Tae Wan K, Hee-jung C (2017) Pain in Animals: Anatomy, Physiology, and Behaviors. Journal of Veterinary Clinics 34:347–352.

El-Gendy S, Alsafy, M (2010) Nasal and Paranasal Sinuses of the Donkey: Gross anatomy and Computed Tomography. Journal of Veterinary Anatomy 3:25–41.

Ellison DL (2017) Physiology of Pain. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America 29:397–406.

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (2004) AHAW/04-027. Welfare aspects of stunning and killing methods. Scientific Report of the Scientific Panel for Animal Health and Welfare on a request from the Commission related to welfare aspects of animal stunning and killing methods (Question N° EFSA-Q-20.

European Union (2009) Council regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing. Official Journal of the European Union L 303, 1–30.

Farouk MM (2013) Advances in the industrial production of halal and kosher red meat. Meat Science 95:805–820.

Ferguson DM, Warner RD (2008) Have we underestimated the impact of pre-slaughter stress on meat quality in ruminants? Meat Science 80:12–19.

Fike K, Spire MF (2006) Transportation of Cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 22:305–320.

Gibson TJ, Dadios N, Gregory NG (2015a) Effect of neck cut position on time to collapse in halal slaughtered cattle without stunning. Meat Science 110:310–314.

Gibson TJ, Mason CW, Spence JY, Barker H, Gregory NG (2015b) Factors Affecting Penetrating Captive Bolt Gun Performance. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 18:222–238.

Glardon M, Schwenk BK, Riva F, von Holzen A, Ross GS, Kneubuehl PB, Stoffel HM (2018) Energy loss and impact of various stunning devices used for the slaughtering of water buffaloes. Meat Science 135:159–165.

Gregory NG (2008) Animal welfare at markets and during transport and slaughter. Meat Science 80:2–11.

Gregory NG (2003) Animal welfare and meat science. CABI Publishing, USA.

Gregory NG, Wenzlawowicz M von, Holleben K von (2009) Blood in the respiratory tract during slaughter with and without stunning in cattle. Meat Science 82:13–16.

Guerrero-Legarreta I, Strappini CA, Mota-Rojas D, García I, Ramírez-Bribiesca E, Ghezzi M, Cruz-Monterrosa R.G,  Lázaro de la Torre C, Mora-Medina P, Alarcón-Rojo AD (2019) Chapter 21. Antemortem handling and quality of river buffalo and cattle. In: I. Guerrero-Legarreta, F. Napolitano, D. Mota-Rojas and A. Orihuela (eds.). The river buffalo in the Americas. Second edition. BM Editores press. Mexico City. Mexico. pp. 1-889.

Guerrero-Legarreta I, Napolitano F, Cruz-Monterrosa RG, Mota-Rojas D, Mora-Medina P, Ramírez-Bribiesca E, Braghieri A (2020) River buffalo meat production and quality: sustainability, productivity, chemical composition and sensory properties. Journal of Buffalo Science 9: 159–169.

Hassel B, Dingledine R (2012) Glutamate and glutamate receptors. In: Brady, S.T., Siegel, G.J., Albers, R.W., Price DN. Basic neurochemistry, 8th edn. Elsevier, USA, pp. 342–366.

Hernández-Avalos I, Mota-Rojas D, Mora-Medina P, Casas AA, Lezama-García GK, Olmos HA (2019) Review of different methods used for clinical recognition and assessment of pain in dogs and cats. International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine 7:43–54.

Imlan JC, Kaka U, Goh Y-M, Idrus Z, Awad EA, Abubakar AA, Ahmad T, Nizamuddin HNQ, Sazili, AQ (2020) Effects of Slaughter Knife Sharpness on Blood Biochemical and Electroencephalogram Changes in Cattle. Animals 10:579.

Immonen K, Kauffman R., Schaefer D., Puolanne E (2000) Glycogen concentrations in bovine longissimus dorsi muscle. Meat Science 54:163–167.

Irurueta M, Cadoppi A, Langman L, Grigioni G, Carduza E (2008) Effect of aging on the characteristics of meat from water buffalo grown in the Delta del Paraná region of Argentina. Meat Science 79:529–533.

Johnson C, Gibson T, Stafford K, Mellor D (2012) Pain perception at slaughter. Animal Welfare 21:113–122.

Johnson C, Mellor D, Hemsworth P, Fisher A (2015) A scientific comment on the welfare of domesticated ruminants slaughtered without stunning. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 63:58–65.

Kandeepan G, Mendiratta SK, Shukla V, Vishnuraj MR (2013) Processing characteristics of buffalo meat-a review. Journal of Meat Science and Technology 1:1–11.

Kata CI, Rowland S, Goldberg ME (2015) Pain recognition in companion species, horses and livestock. In: Goldberg, M.E. Pain management for veterinary technicians and nurses. Wiley Blackwell. Wiley Blackwell, USA, pp. 15–29.

Kooi KA, Tucker RP, Marshal R. (1978) Fundamentals of electro encephalography, 2nd edn. Harper and Row, New York.

Kopf A, Patel N. (2010) Guide to pain management in low resource settings. International Association for the Study of Pain 15–17.

Lambooy E (1982) Electrical stunning of sheep. Meat Science 6:123–135.

Lamont LA, Tranquilli WJ, Grimm KA (2000) Physiology of Pain. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 30:703–728.

Landa L (2012) Pain in domestic animals and how to assess it: a review. Veterinární Medicína 57:185–192.

Lapitan RM, Del Barrio AN, Katsube O, Ban-Tokuda T, Orden EA, Robles AY, Fujihara T, Cruz LC, Homma H, Kana Y (2007) Comparison of carcass and meat characteristics of Brahman grade cattle (Bos indicus) and crossbred water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Animal Science Journal 78: 596–604.

Leung E (2015) Physiology of pain. In: Sackheim K. Pain management and palliative care. Springer, New York.

Lopes PSS, Campos ACP, Fonoff ET, Britto LRG, Pagano RL (2019) Motor cortex and pain control: exploring the descending relay analgesic pathways and spinal nociceptive neurons in healthy conscious rats. Behavioral and Brain Functions 15:5.

Lorenz MD, Coates JR, Kent M (2011) Handbook of veterinary neurology, 5th edn. Elsevier Health Sciences, USA.

McKune CM, Murrell JC, Nolan AM, White KL, Wright BD (2015) Nociception and pain. In: Grimm KA, Lamont LA, Tranquilli WJ, Greene SA, Robertson SA, (eds) Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. Wiley-Blackwell, USA.

Meichtry C, Glauser U, Glardon M, Rossd GS, Lechnere I, Kneubuehlc PB, Gaschod D, Spadavecchiaf C, von Rotza A, Stojiljkovica A, Stoffe HM (2018) Assessment of a specifically developed bullet casing gun for the stunning of water buffaloes. Meat Science 135:74–78.

Mota-Rojas D, Guerrero-Legarreta I, Trujillo OM (2010a) (Eds). Animal welfare and meat quality. 1st. ed. B.M. Editores. Mexico City, Mexico. pp. 1-361.

Mota-Rojas D, Alarcón-Rojo A, Vazquez GG, Guerrero-Legarreta I (2010b) Dark cutting beef, mechanisms involved. In: Mota-Rojas, D., Guerrero-Legarreta, I., Trujillo, O.M. (Eds). Animal welfare and meat quality. 1st. ed. B.M. Editores. Mexico City, Mexico. pp. 1-361.

Mota-Rojas D, Becerril-Herrera M, Alonso SM, Ramírez NR, Trujillo OM (2012) Effects of long distance transport and CO2 stunning on critical blood values. Meat Science 90: 893–898. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2011.11.027

Mota‐Rojas D, Velarde A, Maris‐Huertas S, Cajiao-Pachón MN (2016) (Eds). Animal Welfare, A Global Vision in Ibero‐America, 3rd ed.; Elsevier: Barcelona, Spain,  pp. 1–516.

Mota-Rojas D, Ghezzi MD, Rosmini MR, Thielo de la Vega L, Hernández-Ávalos I, Cajiao-Pachón MN, Panim-Ciocca JR, Lezama-García K, Lemus-Flores C, Guerrero-Legarreta I (2019a) Chapter 19. Signs of sensitivity during death: Assessment of beef and buffalo meat quality. In: I. Guerrero-Legarreta, F. Napolitano, D. Mota-Rojas & A. Orihuela (eds.). The river buffalo in the Americas. Second edition. BM Editores press. Mexico City, Mexico. pp. 1-889.

Mota-Rojas D, Strappini AC, Ghezzi DM, Hernández-Ávalos I,  Rosmini MR, Miranda-Cortés AE, Casas-Alvarado A, Lezama-García K, Guerrero-Legarreta I, Panim-Ciocca JR, Thielo de la Vega L (2019b) Chapter 20. Quality of death in cattle and buffalo. In: I. Guerrero-Legarreta, F. Napolitano, D. Mota-Rojas & A. Orihuela (eds.). The river buffalo in the Americas. Second edition. BM Editores press. Mexico City, Mexico. pp. 1-889.

Mota-Rojas D, Broom DM, Orihuela A, Velarde A, Napolitano F, Alonso-Spilsbury M (2020) Effects of human-animal relationship on animal productivity and welfare. Journal of Animal and Biometeorology 8: 196–205. doi.org/10.31893/jabb.20026

Muir W (2009) Physiopatology and Pathophysiology of pain. In: Handbook of veterinary pain management. Mosby Elsevier, USA, pp. 13–41.

Reetz JA, Mai W, Muravnick KB, Goldschmidt MH, Schwarz T (2006) Computed tomographic evaluation of anatomic and pathologic variations in the feline nasal septum and paranasal sinuses. Veterinary Radiology Ultrasound 47:321–327.

Reyes A, De La Cala Carcía F, Garutti I (2004) Dolor postoperatorio: analgesia multimodal. Patología del Aparato Locomotor 2:176–188.

Robins A, Pleiter H, Latter M, Phillips CJC (2014) The efficacy of pulsed ultrahigh current for the stunning of cattle prior to slaughter. Meat Science 96:1201–1209.

Saunders JH, Van Bree H (2003) Comparison of radiography and computed tomography for the diagnosis of canine nasal aspergillosis. Veterinary Radiology Ultrasound 44:414–419.

Schwenk BK, Lechner I, Ross SG, Gascho D, Kneubuehl BP, Glardon M, Stoffel MH (2016) Magnetic resonance imaging and computer tomography of brain lesions in water buffaloes and cattle stunned with handguns or captive bolts. Meat Science 113:35–40.

Shearer J (2018) Euthanasia of Cattle: Practical Considerations and Application. Animals 8:57.

Shojaei B, Nazem MN, Vosough D (2008) Anatomic Reference for Computed Tomography of the Paranasal Sinuses and Their Openings in the Rayini Goat. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Suegery 77–85.

Sneddon LU, Elwood RW, Adamo SA, Leach MC (2014) Defining and assessing animal pain. Animal Behaviour 97:201–212.

Solano M, Brawer RS (2004) CT of the Equine Head: Technical Considerations, Anatomical Guide, and Selected Diseases. Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice 3:374–388.

Spanghero M, Gracco L, Valusso R, Piasentier E (2004) In vivo performance, slaughtering traits and meat quality of bovine (Italian Simmental) and buffalo (Italian Mediterranean) bulls. Livestock Production Science 91:129–141.

Tarrant PV (1990) Transportation of cattle by road. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28:153–170.

Teke B, Akdag F, Ekiz B, Ugurlu M (2014) Effects of different lairage times after long distance transportation on carcass and meat quality characteristics of Hungarian Simmental bulls. Meat Science 96:224–229.

Terlouw C, Bourguet C, Deiss V (2016) Consciousness, unconsciousness and death in the context of slaughter. Part I. Neurobiological mechanisms underlying stunning and killing. Meat Science 118:133–146.

Walters E (2018) Defining pain and painful sentience in animals. Animal Sentience 3:1–14

Zegarra P (2007) Bases fisiológicas del dolor. Acta Médica Peruana 24:105–108.

Zulkifli I, Wakiman Z, Sazili AQ, Goh YM, Jalila A, Zunita Z, Awad EA (2019) Effect of shackling, electrical stunning and halal slaughtering method on stress-linked hormones in broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science 49:598–603.


Submitted date:
11/24/2020

Accepted date:
12/13/2020

5fd6192a0e8825ef1df2f489 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections