Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://www.jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/2318-1265jabb.v6n3p56-61
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Phenotypic characteristics of Indonesian native chickens

Achmad Rofii, Tyas Rini Saraswati, Enny Yusuf Wachidah Yuniwarti

Downloads: 8
Views: 1182

Abstract

This research aimed to describe the phenotypic characteristics of local hen varieties. The study sample consisted of twenty 18 week-old hens of the following types:  Cemani, black Kedu, white Kedu, and Balinese (Olagan). They were randomly selected from the "Makukuhan" farm in Kedu Temanggung, Central Java Indonesia. The results, which were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, showed significant differences in the quantitative characteristics of body height, body length, and tarsometatarsus length. No significant differences were found in wing length, beak length, femur length, tibiotarsus length, or body weight. Qualitative characteristics of Cemani hens differed from those of black Kedu, white Kedu, and Balinese (Olagan) hens because of their predominantly black body color. The black Kedu hens share similarities with the white Kedu hens in the colors of the tongue, comb, eyeballs, and soles of the feet. In contrast, their beak color and skin color are similar to those of the Balinese (Olagan) hens. The white Kedu hens have predominantly white feathers, and the Balinese (olagan) hens have neither comb nor neck feathers.

Keywords

Balinese (Olagan) hen, black Kedu hen, Cemani hen, phenotypic characteristics, white Kedu hen

References

Alwi M, Sumantri C, Darwati S (2014) The phenothypic and genetic characteristic of nunukan chicken of Tarakan island, east Borneo. Jurnal Veteriner 15:173-181.

Bangun, GDD, Mahfudz, LD, Sunarti, D (2013) Effect of seaweed Gracilaria verrucosa meal utilization in broiler’s diet on weight and size of Tibia and Tarsometatarsus. Animal Agricultural Journal 2:489-496.

Chukiatsiri K and Chansiripornchai N (2008) An outbreak of infectious coryza in a layer farm. J. Thai Vet. Med. Assoc. 58:98-107.

Fayeye TR, Ayorinde KL, Ojo V, Adesina OM (2006) Frequency and influence of some major genes on body weight and size parameters of nigerian lokal chicken. Livestock Research for Rural Development 18:1-8.

Iskandar S (2005) Growth and carcass development of Kedu x Arab cross under two feeding regimes. JITV 10:253-259.

Ismoyowati, Sukardi, Susanto A (2012) Genetic diversity of kedu chicken based on phenotypic characteristics and microsatellite loci. International Journal of Poultry Science 11:605-610.

Johari S, Sutopo SA (2009) Phenotype frequency of the qualitative traits at adult Kedu chicken. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/16542/1/aPNR4-(36)Seno_Johari_1_-_setting.pdf. Accessed on: October 21, 2017.

Junqueira LC, Carneiro J (2005) Basic Histology: Text and Atlas. Ed ke- 11. Poule (Br): McGraw-Hill.

Mahfudz LD, Wulandari AR, Johari S (2011) Genetic variation through polymorphism of blood and egg white protein in three kinds of Kedu chickens at laying period. Animal Production 13:83-88.

Mariandayani HN, Solihin DD, Sulandari S, Sumatri C (2013) Phenotypic variation and estimation genetic distance between local chicken and broiler chicken using morphological analysis. Jurnal Veteriner 14:475-484

Nthimo AM, Neser FWC, du Toit JEJ, Fair MD, Odenya W (2004) Phenotypic characterization of indigenous chickens in Lesotho in the pre-laying phase. South African Journal of Animal Science 34:125-127.

Riztyan, Katano T, Shimogiri T, Kawabe K, Okamoto S (2011) Genetic diversity and population structure of Indonesian native chickens based on single nucleotide polymorphism markers. Poultry Science 90:2471–2478.

Samsudin M, Sarengat W, Maulana HN (2012) The effect of difference in feeding period (starter – finisher) and protein level meat – bone ratio and protein mass of breast and thigh of pelung chicken from 1 to 11 weeks old of age. Animal Agricultural Journal 1:43-51.

Sartika T, Iskandar S, Prasetyo H, Takahashi H, Mitsuru M (2004) Genetic relationships of Kampung, Pelung, Sentul and Black Kedu Chicken using Microsatellite DNA Markers: I. Lingkage group of macro chromosome.  JITV 9:81-86.

Solangi AA, Baloch GM, Wagan PK, Chachar B, Memon A (2003) Effect of different level of dietary protein on growth of broiler. J. of Anim. And Vet. Advances 2:301-304.

Sulandari S, Zein MSA, Astuti D, Sartika T (2009) Genetic polymorphisms of the chicken antiviral Mx gene in a variety of Indonesian indigenous chicken breeds. Jurnal Veteriner 10:50-56.

Sulandari S, Zein MSA, Sartika T (2008) Molecular characterization of Indonesian indigenous chickens based on mitochondrial DNA displacement (d)-loop sequences. Hayati Journal of Biosciences 15:145-154.

Suthama N (2006) Kajian aspek “protein turnover” tubuh ayam Kedu periode pertumbuhan. Media Peternakan 29:47-52.

Tadono R, Nishibori M, Nagasaka N, Tsudzuki M (2007) Assessing genetic diversity and population structure for commercial chicken lines based on forty microsatellite analyzes. Poultry Science 86:2301-2308.

Welchman DB, King SA, Wragg P (2010) Infectious coryza in chickens in Great Britain. Veterinary Record 167:912-913.

Zanetti E, De Marchi M, Dalvit C, Cassandro M (2010) Genetic characterization of local Italian breeds of chickens undergoing in situ conservation. Poultry Science 89:420-427.


Submitted date:
11/24/2017

Reviewed date:
12/15/2017

Accepted date:
12/29/2017

5f91b3d90e882585161ddb3a jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol.

Share this page
Page Sections